Frequently Used Terms/Jargon in Information Technology

  1. API (Application Programming Interface)

    An API is a set of rules and protocols that allows different software applications to communicate and interact with each other. It defines how different software components should interact, enabling seamless integration and data exchange.

  2. Backend

    The backend refers to the part of a software application that is responsible for server-side processing and data management. It includes the server, database, and all the processes running on the server that are hidden from the user.

  3. Cloud Computing

    Cloud computing refers to the delivery of computing services and resources over the internet. It allows users to access and use applications, storage, and processing power hosted on a remote network of servers, instead of relying on local infrastructure.

  4. Cybersecurity

    Cybersecurity involves protecting computer systems, networks, and data from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction. It includes measures such as firewalls, antivirus software, encryption, and intrusion detection systems.

  5. DevOps (Development and Operations)

    DevOps is an approach that combines software development (Dev) and IT operations (Ops) to streamline the software development and deployment processes. It aims to foster collaboration, automation, and continuous integration and delivery.

  6. Frontend

    The frontend refers to the part of a software application that the user interacts with. It includes the user interface (UI) elements, design, and client-side code responsible for presenting the data and facilitating user interactions.

  7. HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)

    HTML is a standardized markup language used for creating the structure and presentation of web pages. It uses tags to define various elements, such as headings, paragraphs, links, images, and tables.

  8. JavaScript

    JavaScript is a programming language commonly used in web development. It allows developers to add interactive features, validate forms, manipulate, and dynamically update content on web pages.

  9. Machine Learning

    Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence (AI) that uses algorithms to enable computers to learn from and analyze data, make predictions, and perform tasks without explicit programming. It finds applications in areas such as pattern recognition, natural language processing, and data analysis.

  10. Network Protocols

    Network protocols are a set of rules and conventions that govern how devices communicate and exchange data over a computer network. Examples include TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), and DNS (Domain Name System).

  11. Open Source

    Open-source refers to software that is released with an open license, allowing users to view, modify, and distribute the source code. It promotes collaboration, transparency, and community-driven development.

  12. Python

    Python is a popular high-level programming language known for its simplicity and readability. It is widely used for web development, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and automation, among other applications.

  13. Responsive Design

    Responsive design is an approach to web design aimed at creating websites that provide an optimal viewing experience across different devices and screen sizes. It involves using flexible layouts, grids, and media queries to adapt the layout and content dynamically.

  14. Scalability

    Scalability refers to the ability of a system, network, or software application to handle increased loads and accommodate growth without compromising performance or functionality. It involves designing architectures and utilizing technologies to support high performance and handle increased demands.

  15. SEO (Search Engine Optimization)

    SEO is the process of improving the visibility and ranking of a website in search engine results. It involves optimizing the website's content, structure, and technical aspects to increase organic (non-paid) traffic from search engines.

  16. SQL (Structured Query Language)

    SQL is a programming language used for managing and manipulating relational databases. It allows users to perform operations such as querying data, adding, updating, and deleting records, defining database structures, and managing permissions.

  17. User Experience (UX)

    User experience refers to the overall experience and satisfaction a user has when interacting with a website, application, or system. It involves factors such as usability, accessibility, performance, navigation, and visual design, aiming to provide a positive and intuitive experience.

  18. Virtualization

    Virtualization involves creating virtual versions of hardware, operating systems, and resources to run multiple virtual environments on a single physical machine. It offers benefits such as improved resource utilization, scalability, and flexibility in deploying and managing IT infrastructure.

  19. XML (eXtensible Markup Language)

    XML is a markup language similar to HTML that is used for storing and distributing structured data. It allows users to define their own elements and tags, making it flexible and suitable for exchanging data between different systems and platforms.

  20. Zombie Cookie

    A zombie cookie, also known as "evercookie," is a persistent cookie that is difficult to delete or block. It uses multiple storage mechanisms (such as Flash cookies, HTML5 storage, and browser cache) to recreate itself even after the user has cleared regular cookies, potentially violating user privacy.

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